Friday, December 9, 2016

Neurophysiology Plus Group

Neurophysiology Plus Informal Group Iceland was formed in November 2016 in Reykjavík Iceland.
The new website, and the Clinical Neurophysiology news from Iceland are now available (here).

Friday, December 2, 2016

Eloquent area located tumor #awakesurgery, Iceland

by Iceland "Neurophysiology Plus" Informal Grup

Reykjavík, December 2016

On 1st of December 2016, a patient with left frontal lobe space-occupying lesion was operated with awake surgery in Iceland.
A team coordinated by Ingvar Ólafsson performed preoperative neuropshychological tests and intraoperative direct brain cortical stimulation in awake patient to localize motor speech area with the aim to avoid possible neurological injuries during the procedure. The patient collaborated very well and the removal of the tumor was performed always with the patient in awakefullness performing speech mapping and several specific cognitive tests (here).

Þór Friðriksson & Pablo Botella Lucena (Iceland Neurophysiology Plus  Informal Group)

Sunday, July 17, 2016

Isocinetic exercise versus isometric exercise and Cutaneous Silent Period

by Ovidiu C. Banea

Reykjavik, 18 July 2016

During summer 2016, members from Neurophysiology Unit Landspitali University Hospital, Fossvogur, Iceland (Neurology Department) are conducting an experiment using novel technique of Cutaneous Silent Period (CuSP) at baseline conditions and after two type of interventions (isocinetic and isometric exercise) in upper limb nerve-muscle "reflex" as following: median nerve - abductor pollicis brevis and ulnaris nerve - first interosseous. The aim of this work is to analyse the contribution of sensory inputs to the cutaneous silent period and if there are changes after isometric exercise suggesting involvement of other afferent fibers (beside of small mielinated A-delta) to the CuSP onset, like those of muscle spindles.

Xiao Chun (Taiwan), Joaquim (Chile) and Anna Maria (Iceland)

isocinetic exercise of FIO muscle

Cutaneous Silent Period (CuSP) obtained from first interosseous muscle 
after stimulation of ulnaris nerve sensory fibers from the 5th digit

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Hospital del Mar, Clinical Neurophysiology residency

Residency period finished today 12th of May 2015.
Dr Ovidiu C. Banea is now Clinical Neurophysiology specialist.
Here with Alba, Nuria and Belia.

Saturday, May 9, 2015

Peripheral Nervous System

Brief description of the human spinal cord myotomes and dermatomes, a very simple and basic level. Source: accessphysiotherapy, Dr. Annie Burke-Doe (here).

Thursday, May 7, 2015

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome criteria

Rempel et al 1998 (here)

A simple classification was provided to Barcelona Clinical Neurophysiology Journal Club by Marisa Brum. Source: UCL

Thursday, April 2, 2015

Pedro Schestatsky about ANTINOCICEPTION

Barcelona, Hospital Clinic, 25th of March 2015
Dr Schestatsky talked about descending antipain mechanisms (here), an oral conference during the neuropathic pain courses, chapter of "Master en Electrodiagnostico Neurologico".

Monday, March 16, 2015

Intrathecal vs Epidural

Intrathecal use of baclofen pump affects duration of Cortical Silent Period in patients with sever spasticity. Baclofen does not affect the cutaneous SP, but prolongs the cortical SP Stetkarova I and M Kofler, 2013 (here).
To better understanding of intrathecal versus epidural administration we use the image below.

From Mayfield Clinic "Intrathecal drug pump"

Monday, January 5, 2015

Conduction Block (Adquired Demyelinating) and NMJ Disorders Assessment

Conduction Block OR Adquired Demyelinating Neuropathy:
-3 of 4 criteria are needed to have a diagnosis of ADN 

Neuromuscular Joint EMG Assessment:

Thursday, October 2, 2014

LII anual meeting of the Spanish Society of Clinical Neurophysiology

The 52nd meeting of the Spanish Society of Clinical Neurophysiology took place from the 1st to 3rd of October 2014. The event was organized in the beatiful building RiojaForum located in a wonderful nature landscape near Ribera Park and Ebro River in Logroño, Spain.
Residents of Clinical Neurophysiology Unit of Hospital del Mar, Barcelona participated with two oral communications about spontaneous nocturnal movements (Brief Neurophysiology).

Sunday, May 25, 2014

6th annual meeting of the Catalan Societies of Clinical Neurophysiology and EMG

On May 23rd, 2014, took place the 6th annual meeting of the Catalan Societies of Clinical Neurophysiology and EMG in Charles Darwin hall of  Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (PRBB).
The program included 3 lectures presented by specialists with large experience on the field of miopathies, intracranial EEG and functional MRI.
-Actualitzacions en Miopaties, Montse Olivé
-Electroencefalografia intracranial estereotaxica (SEEG) Bases, Indicacions i Rendiment. Gerard Conesa, Rodrigo Rocamora i Alessandro Principe
-Aspectes fisiològics de la Ressonància Magnetica Funcional, Jesus Pujol i Joan Deus

5 oral communications and 3 posters written by CN young specialists and resident physicians completed the evening program (here).

Dra Montse Olivé
Dr Rodrigo Rocamora 

Dr Alessandro Principe 

Local Committee

Friday, May 23, 2014

Saturday, February 15, 2014

Psychogenic Movement Disorders, Neural Networks

 (2013) AR MEHTA et al Imaging Psychogenic Movement Disorders Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep open access at
"Possible neural networks involved in psychogenic movement disorders based on the latest advances from the neuroimaging literature.
There is an overly sensitive emotional network, possibly conditioned by previous learning experiences, that feeds into the extended motor network via the striatum. In the presence of abnormal self-directed attention, mediated by abnormal prefrontal cortical activation that is functionally disconnected from the core motor network, these changes drive the production of aberrant movements that are not yoked to a normal sense of self-agency. This is because of hypoactivity of the supplementary motor area that normally provides the ‘corollary discharge’ signal that informs the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) ‘comparator’ what to expect in terms of sensory feedback as a result of internally generated, as opposed to externally generated, movements. 
As a consequence of the abnormal network activity, the movements are interpreted by patients as being involuntary." (Mehta et al, 2013)

The Clinical Neurophysiology of Psychogenic Movement Disorders will be discussed during the 4th Session of the Journal Club, Second Edition on 17th of February 2014.

Thursday, January 30, 2014


We are delighted to invite you to the 6th annual meeting of the Catalan Society of Clinical Neurophysiology which will be will be held this year in our Hospital.

Monday, January 27, 2014


November 2013,
The Guardian announced researcher's findings that one cicle of Transcraneal Magnetic Stimulation protocol, is beneficious as treatment for Heavy Smokers, who already failed in abandon the habbit with other treatments, that TMS could treat the smocking dependence for periods of six months.

Friday, December 20, 2013


New session of  Clinical Neurophysiology Journal Club was already opened.

Friday, August 2, 2013

Speech mapping in tumor presurgical assessment in Hospital del Mar

Mappeig cerebral, localització de les àrees del cervell en què es troben les llengües que parlem. Gerard Conesa i Josep Mª Espadaler. "Do you speak English?". TV3 Barcelona


Thursday, June 13, 2013

Robotic Stereotaxic Surgery in Del Mar Hospital, Barcelona

On 21 January 2013  Medtech announced First Surgical Assisted ROBOTIC in Spain surgery using ROSA™ This landmark surgical intervention was performed by Dr. CONESA and his team at the Del Mar Hospital in Barcelona, Spain. ROSA™ was used for the pre-operative surgical planning and intra-operative positioning of sEEG deep brain electrodes used in the treatment of Epilepsy.

On 11 June 2013 Dr. Rodrigo Rocamora, Head of Epilepsy Multidisciplinary Unit, Neurology Department announced that until the date 6 epileptic patients benefited by ROSA Assisted Robotic Surgery in Del Mar Hospital Barcelona. An interview was obtained by Mr Juanjo Pardo of  rTVE program "Para Todos La 2" (here)

Wednesday, June 12, 2013

REM Sleep Regulates Emotions in Depresive Patients

Book The Twenty-Four Hour Mind. The Role of Sleep and Dreaming in Our Emotional Lives
Rosalind D. Cartwright, Oxford 2010

Friday, April 19, 2013

New Blog of Clinical Neurophysiology in Barcelona

On April 11th, 2013 New Clinical Neurophysiology Blog appeared in Barcelona. 
Clinical Sessions of Sleep Disorders, Epilepsies, Infant Epileptology, Neuropathology and Electro-diagnostic Neurophysiology Case Reports will be uploaded on the website by our CN Resident Physician colleagues of Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Bellvitge Hospital, and other Hospitals. Welcome to Blogosphere!

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Prof. Dr. Vahe E. AMASSIAN

Dr. Vahe E. AMASSIAN, world recognized neuroscientist, who made extraordinary achievements in research, teaching and mentoring of graduate students, medical students and biomedical faculty died on January 7, 2013 at age 88. It began by using animal models and progressed in the last three decades to studies on humans using noninvasive trans-cranial magnetic stimulation. Vahe's hallmark was his unwavering scientific honesty. His research on the electrophysiological properties of sensory-motor systems in the brain was passionately sustained for more than 60 years (here).
(Published in The New York Times on January 9, 2013).

With deep gratitude!

Wednesday, December 19, 2012


Since December 2012, the Clinical Neurophysiology Residents' team opened a monthly presentation of clinical cases in which multidisciplinary teams have worked. The case report section is available on the right side menu. Here we present a drug resistant epileptic patient in which TMS was used for surgery planning.

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Conferences during Spanish Society of Neurology LXIV Congress

From 20th to 24th of November 2012 took place the LXIV annual meeting of Spanish Society of Neurology and Electromyography Club.

Here, in Palau de Congressos de Catalunya, our Resident Physicians' Tutor, met our major colleagues who finished Clinical Neurophysiology in Hospital del Mar during 2008-2011 period: Monica Vicente, Nadim Ailouti Caballero, Salvador Amezcua and Jacob Diaz.
Few days ago, Dra Inma Royo de Mingo and Dr Salvador Amezcua

We had the opportunity to talk with them and to open new contacts for this Clinical Neurophysiology Journal Club WEBSITE. Salva, CN Specialist in a Hospital of the lovely Balearic Island of Menorca had the idea to open a new section in our blog to present a monthly interesting case report.

Prof. Dr. Agustín Codina Puiggrós receiving the annual award of Spanish Society of Neurology.

Dr. Massimo Leone talking about myths and reality of the brain stimulation for Cluster Headache performed in Pain Neuromodulation Unit, Dept of Neurology, Headache Center Carlo Besta NIF Milan

Dr. Angel Arracedo Alvarez, Fundacion Publica Gallega de Medicina Genomica (SERGAS) talking about phenotype problem in genetic components search of complex neuropsyquiatric disorders. TICs and Obsessive Compuslive Disorders.
Common genetic variant could confer susceptibility to clinically related phenotypes, and defines a new functional hint in the pathophysiology of psychiatric diseases (see here).

Dr Delgado searching for traits of the new antiepileptic drugs. A clinical overview of AEDs can be checked in Bahrain Medical Bulletin, Vol.28, No.3, September 2006 (here).

Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), Epworth 21/24 of 5 year associated to Paraneoplastic Encephalitis in a 40 year old pacient with orchiectomy for testicular teratoma and drug Resistant Epilepsy, case report in poster presented with 129H/2225 code by Dr Ion Alvarez Guerrico, clinical neurophysiologist of our CN Staff in Hospital del Mar.
In 2004 a comprehensive clinical analysis of 38 patients with anti-Ma2 encephalitis was performed by  Dalmau et al and was published in Brain (see here). Overall, 12 patients had clinical evidence of seizures (seven partial complex seizures; five partial complex seizures and generalized tonicclonic seizures). Thirteen patients developed diencephalic dysfunction, 12 with EDS and two of them with cataplexy and hypnagogic hallucinations.
The case presented show the presence of both limbic and diencephalic symptoms with manifestation during a large period of time and the importance of the Clinical Neurophysiology to evidence the clinical manifestations of these injuries wich appear together or before of cancer complications.

Dr Amezcua, Dr Puente, Dra Royo and Dr Diaz, few days ago


Today, Clinical Neurophysiology Unit

Ana, Merce and Lola, members of the Nursing Staff

Tanya, student from University of Maryland and bioengineer Armand Gutierrez, Barcelona Biomedical Research Park collaborator together with Dr Principe, just few minutes ago.
...Today...Tomorrow...Few days ago...